Read verses 22-26
Q: What are the two main words which are each repeated three times in this passage which form the basis for what is being taught?
A: “Righteousness” (v.22, 25 & 26) and “faith” (v.22, 25 & 26).
Q: But to whom are these terms assigned?
A: “Faith” is pointing toward us, but each use of “righteousness” is referring to God alone.
Q: So what is the meaning of “justified” in v.24?
A: It is being declared righteous in God’s sight through the work of Christ.
Application: Sanctification is righteousness imparted to us in the course of our daily walk in Christ.
Q: What work of Christ comes after “justified” in v.24? What does it mean?
A: “Redemption”. We are delivered from having to pay the penalty for our sins because the price was paid by Christ.
Q: What is the third work referred to in v.24?
Q: What does the original word refer to? What is the greater picture Paul is providing in the use of “propitiation”?
A: It referred to the mercy seat, the lid on the Ark of the Covenant, on which the High Priest sprinkled the blood for atonement of sins once a year during the Day of Atonement. This was the place of which God stated, “There I will meet with you”.
“You shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the testimony which I will give to you. There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel.
— Exodus. 25:21-22
Q: How do these things come together to accomplish what the Law alone could not?
A: Because of Christ’s sacrifice, it is possible for God to not only forgive sinners, but to remain just Himself. Because His justice is completely satisfied in Christ, grace and kindness is available to the entire world instead of just condemnation. “…in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed…” (v.25)
and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.
— 1 Peter 2:24
Application: Nothing is earned personally, but comes as a gift of grace by God through the demonstration of Christ’s righteousness, of which we are partakers by faith.