Matthew 7:13-29 • Testing for True Righteousness


In the corporate world there is the mantra, “If you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it.” While it may be far easier to mathematically measure a company’s output and profitability, God’s Word often provides the parameters for spiritual measurements of the demands it makes on Christ’s followers. By studying its usage throughout Scripture, we not only arrive at the proper definition of what it means to possess the quality of righteousness, but the biblical standards proving the degree to which it is present. Christ provides three tests which will prove if our righteousness is truly from God; false or counterfeit forms of Christianity will fail these tests.

Read verses 13-14

Q: Given the overall context of the Sermon on the Mount to this point, what are these two ways referring to?

A: They refer to two types of lifestyle: the easy, comfortable, popular life, or the more difficult way of self-denial.

Q: How might the two gates for each of these ways be characterized?

A: Entrance to the popular life is gained through the broad gate of self-sufficiency, the more difficult way of self-denial through the narrow gate of surrender.

Q: How is this a test for true righteousness?

A: True righteousness is exemplified by self-denial.

Point: Note that in the following example, two men turned from Christ because they failed this test:

Now when Jesus saw a crowd around Him, He gave orders to depart to the other side of the sea. Then a scribe came and said to Him, “Teacher, I will follow You wherever You go.” Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes and the birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.” Another of the disciples said to Him, “Lord, permit me first to go and bury my father.” But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and allow the dead to bury their own dead.”

— Matthew 8:18-22

Then Jesus said to His disciples, “If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me.

— Matthew 16:24

Application: True righteousness is exemplified by self-denial.

Read verses 15-23

Q: In the examples given, what is the definition of a “false prophet”?

A: It’s not limited to someone proclaiming a false gospel, but includes those who are false professors of faith in Christ.

Q: How are they ultimately identified as being false?

A: Their inner nature has not changed; they merely wear the outward guise of a sheep. Unlike true believers, they are clinging to the world’s ways internally and therefore still corrupted by it.

For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.

— 2 Peter 1:4

Q: So how can we detect these false believers?

A: “You will know them by their fruits”. (v.16) We’re commanded to be fruit inspectors by employing the test of spiritual fruit.

Application: What fruits does Christ seek? How are these things specifically measured?

Professing Christians may be involved in religious activities and pretend to be saved, but if they are honestly born again, they will reveal these tangible fruits in their daily life.

Q: What will be the response of false believers when Christ returns according to v.21-28?

A: They will be surprised at the judgment having both fooled themselves and allowing their minds to be blinded by Satan. They are deceived into thinking they are saved.

Q: But how should it have been obvious that their Christianity was counterfeit? Why should it have really been no surprise at all?

A: Because of the absence of these fruits, their lack of deeds according to God’s Word and ways. This is why they’re labeled as those “who practice lawlessness”.

Application: True righteousness is proven by its fruits.

    1. Spiritual fruit equates to the qualities outlined in the betaitutdes (Mt. 5)
    2. The “fruit of the spirit”. (Gal. 5:22-23)
    3. The fruit of the lips. (Heb. 13:15)
    4. The fruit of holy living. (Rom. 6:22)
    5. The fruit of good works. (Col. 1:10)
    6. The fruit of lost souls won. (Rom. 1:13)

Read verses 24-29

Q: What do the two builders have in common?

A: They both use the same materials and plans to the degree that from the outside no one can tell the difference between their two houses.

Q: What is the actual difference?

A: Whether or not it is built upon the foundation of Jesus Christ, the Rock.

For no man can lay a foundation other than the one which is laid, which is Jesus Christ.

— 1 Corinthians 3:11

Q: How is this difference ultimately revealed?

A: In times of testing. Only those founded on the Rock will stand, all others will crumble and fall.

Point: Righteousness is not based on a church, movement, creed, or even a “good life”, but on Jesus Christ alone. Throughout Scripture, the true believer has stood regardless of the test (e.g., Noah, Joseph, Abraham, Moses, David, etc., etc.) and false believers during such times have fallen away (e.g., Israel in the wilderness, Christians in Rome who deserted Paul, etc., etc.)

Application: True righteousness is the result of not merely listening to the Word, but doing the Word.

But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves. For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror; for once he has looked at himself and gone away, he has immediately forgotten what kind of person he was. But one who looks intently at the perfect law, the law of liberty, and abides by it, not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer, this man will be blessed in what he does.

— James 1:22-25

Overall Application

True righteousness passes spiritual tests…