Q: In the context of these visions having been presented through Zechariah, what is now taking place? How is this connected to the overall message of the visions?
A: It is a public act intended to confirm that what God has promised will take place, both for the present Temple in the immediate future, and for the Temple to come through the Messiah in the distant future.
Q: Why might there by a greater spiritual significance to the men from whom Zechariah is to obtain materials for the crown?
A: If we were to look at the meaning of their names, another way of understanding this is by translating it, “From the chief men, and from its good men, and from those who have understood it”. It is a picture of God’s people returning to the land from captivity AND their fully acknowledging and accepting the Messiah.
Q: How do we know for sure that “Branch” is referring to the Messiah and not to Joshua?
“Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch;
And He will reign as king and act wisely
And do justice and righteousness in the land.
— Jeremiah 23:5
‘In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth.
— Jeremiah 33:15
Q: What does it mean in stating, “He will branch out from where He is” in v.12?
A: The Messiah will not just arise from His own country but will spring from a lowly origin to the highest of all glory.
Then a shoot will spring from the stem of Jesse,
nd a branch from his roots will bear fruit
— Isaiah 11:1
For He grew up before Him like a tender shoot,
And like a root out of parched ground;
He has no stately form or majesty
That we should look upon Him,
Nor appearance that we should be attracted to Him.
— Isaiah 53:2
Q: What Temple is being referred to in v.12?
A: While Joshua will engage in building the Second Temple, there is a greater meaning here pertaining to the body of Christ as specified in the New Testament.
If any man destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him, for the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.
— 1 Corinthians 3:17
Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said,
“I will dwell in them and walk among them;
And I will be their God,
And they shall be My people.
— 2 Corinthians 6:16
So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, in whom the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.
— Ephesians 2:19-22
Q: What is v.13 speaking about
A: The fact that the Messiah will be both King and Priest. “He will be a priest on His throne”.
Q: How does this contrast with the historical situation in Zechariah’s day?
A: Zerubbabel and Joshua were the civil and religious authorities cooperating to build the Temple, a kind of harmony that often did not exist in the overall history of Israel. It was a temporary peace but far from the permanent peace the Messiah will bring when simultaneously occupying both offices.
But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For He Himself is our peace, who made both groups into one and broke down the barrier of the dividing wall, by abolishing in His flesh the enmity, which is the Law of commandments contained in ordinances, so that in Himself He might make the two into one new man, thus establishing peace, and might reconcile them both in one body to God through the cross, by it having put to death the enmity. and He came and preached peace to you who were far away, and peace to those who were near;
— Ephesians 2:13-17
Q: What prophet was also active at the same time as Zechariah?
Q: Why might this be significant since through Zechariah God is stating that Joshua the High Priest is representative of the Messiah to come?
A: Through Haggai God stated that Zerubbabel is also representative of the Messiah to come. Zerubbabel is the embodiment of the kings of Israel, Joshua the high priests. It is a further confirmation “He will be a priest on His throne” (v.13), someone who is both King and High Priest.
Q: What is the crown to be a dual reminder of?
A: It will be placed in the Temple of Zechariah’s time as a visible reminder that since God fulfilled His promise to see that Temple built, so He will fulfill His future promise of the greater Temple to come through the Messiah.
Q: But what is the nature of the final promise sealing God’s Word?
A: “…it will take place if you completely obey the Lord your God.” (v.15)
Application: Having begun His message through Zechariah with a call to obedience based on the past (Zech. 1:1-6), God here ends the visions with a call to obedience based on the future.