Song of Solomon • The Revelation of Love


This lesson is, admittedly, very unconventional compared to others available at Walk with the Word. This has to do primarily with the fact that, above all else, the Song of Solomon is a “song”. This might be obvious at first glance, but not so obvious when it comes to studying this book, since it should be approached as a single song. After all, it’s difficult to analyze and understand a song overall by only studying one of its verses or just a few of its lines. A song is something which, in reality, needs to be taken in its entirety. And, as a song, it needs to be read and analyzed according to this literary format chosen by God. Poems and songs tend to elaborate on things in a far different manner than plain speech in order to paint a specific picture using a lot of smaller components to the overall contribution. The imagery – and its expanded and repeated use – is intended to convey a sort of “vocabulary” or legend by which to understand the whole.

As you read the whole of the Song of Solomon, consider that Jewish tradition holds that this particular Scripture is to be read during Passover. How does this speak of God’s past, present, and future work in the Passover? Also consider that for Christians, the Song of Solomon is held to be a deeply spiritual telling of Christ’s love and relationship with the Church. Keep these things in mind as you read it, meditating in the Spirit to understand why God included this book in the Bible and its possible teachings for the whole Church at large as well as for you individually.

Read the Song of Solomon

Q: How is Song of Solomon completely unique in its presentation of the Word and character of God as compared to all the other books of the Bible. [Hint: There are many answers, only a few are provided below to facilitate group discussion.]

NOTE: The overall outline of the Song of Solomon can be divided as follows:

  1. The Beginning of Love (1:1-5:1)
    1. Falling in Love (1:1-3:5)
    2. United in Love (3:6-5:1)
  2. The Broadening of Love (5:2-8:14)
    1. Struggling in Love (5:2-7:9)
    2. Growing in Love (7:4-8:14)

Q: What can be learned from the overall outline of the Song of Solomon and what it teaches about love? [Again: Many answers, so encourage group discussion.]

Q: What do you suppose is being taught in passages such as 1:1-8 which reference the bride’s family background and connections?

A: It reflects the fact that one must leave the old life for the new, and in doing so become a new creation/new person for the bridegroom (Christ). The bride may have been just another member of the family, a daughter and sister assigned roles in submission to the overall will of the family. In being given to the bridegroom, she becomes a new creation assuming a new life with completely new priorities set not by her family but by her husband.

Q: The mention of “breasts” in this book makes people uncomfortable and usually thinking in sexual terms. However, what body parts are specifically mentioned most?

A: The overwhelming references are related to the head, face and neck.

The fact is that the Song of Solomon has a very minimal focus on sex itself, and is actually an overall teaching of relationships. Far more time is spent on how mutual attraction is but a stepping stone towards a mature, whole relationship than merely on love expressed through physical means.

Q: Why do you suppose there are a great many geographical references to specific places associated with the land of Israel?

Q: Why do you suppose there are references to different gardens, each bearing slightly different things?

Read 3:1-4 and 5:2-7

NOTE: These are two very important features of the Song of Solomon around which revolves much of what is being taught at a deeper level concerning the Messiah and spiritual events – they are dreams.

Q: What is the chief difference between these dreams?

A: Although both are dreams belonging to the bride, one is the best dream possible – finding and being permanently reconciled to the bridegroom – and the other is her worst nightmare – seeming to forever lose him.

Q: What real-world events are best exemplified by these dreams?

A: In general, they represent those who accept or reject Christ. On a more specific level, they seem to indicate the spiritual condition of Israel, who rejects Christ at His first coming, but accepts Him at His second coming.

Q: How is this reflected in the way the Song of Solomon both begins and ends?

A: In the opening verses of chapter 1, the bride is seeking the first coming of the bridegroom; in the final verse of the book (8:14) she is eager for his second coming.



Epilogue It’s strongly suggested that with these thoughts in mind, you take the few minutes necessary to re-read the Song of Solomon in its entirety again, concentrating on the deeper spiritual meaning of the text. This may be an exercise you want to repeat frequently, to be reminded of the true heart of God as applied to you personally, His people Israel, and to the whole of His church.

For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, from whom every family in heaven and on earth derives its name, that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with power through His Spirit in the inner man, so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; and that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled up to all the fullness of God.

— Ephesians 3:14-19