Job 28 • The Pursuit for What Matters


The old adage, “You can’t take it with you” certainly describes the fact that material possessions are all left behind at the point of death; but there ARE “things” you take with you from this life to the next. In the course of this life some of the things we pursue are the necessities of life such as food, clothing, and so on. Other things are pursued because it’s our desire to have them even though we don’t absolutely have to have them to exist, such as riches or an abundant excess of life’s necessities. But the real test we’ll all face after death before God will reveal whether or not we pursued the things in this life that mattered, the things that produce results for eternity. The things on which we focus our time and energies in THIS life actually matters.

Read verses 1-11

Q: What is the nature of the pursuit described in v.1-2?

A: It’s the pursuit of wealth and things.

Q: What’s the difference between looking for silver and gold versus iron and copper? What might be revealing in their all being grouped together?

A: The precious metals aren’t an absolute necessity of life, while iron and copper are practical commodities used for the basic needs of life. Although they occupy a wide spectrum from “nice-to-have” to “need-to-have”, together they represent man’s goals of obtaining earthly possessions.

Q: What are the main words used in v.3-4 that together make up a theme and to what does it allude?

A: The list of theme words are “darkness” (v.3), “gloom” (v.3), “deep shadow” (v.3), “far” (v.4), and “forgotten” (v.4). These verses allude to the fact that man actively pursues earthly needs and possessions by overcoming physical darkness, and therefore needs to do the same to overcome spiritual darkness.

Q: What are the results of man’s overcoming the physical darkness according to v.5-6?

A: He obtains what he needs (“food”, “fire”) and what he desires (“sapphires”, “gold”). It’s another allusion to the fact that overcoming spiritual darkness will result in meeting his true needs and desires.

Q: What do you suppose is the reason for contrasting man’s pursuits of hidden things to the animals listed in v.6-7?

A: It’s the contrast of the different nature God has given mankind than to beasts, who lack the inclination and/or will to seek out anything hidden. It probably speaks of both positive and negative aspects of man’s character in contrast to the beasts of nature. [Discuss with the group what those might be.]

Application: Man goes to great lengths and efforts to uncover physical things that are hidden and buried in darkness, bringing them out into the light of his world for his use. This is an allusion to the spiritual.

Read verses 12-22

Q: What is the biblical definition of “wisdom”? Does it mean the same as “smart” or “genius”?

A: The Hebrew words for “wisdom” are very practical in their focus. They convey the existence of spiritual strength of character in those who apply God’s guidelines to every situation, whether normal and small or once-in-a-lifetime huge. It’s really the description of someone who takes God’s Word and applies it to their choices and behavior. Merely being “smart” or having knowledge is different because it does not mean that the person acts on the knowledge they possess. Biblical wisdom begins with knowing and acknowledging God’s Word and is possessed by following His Word in every thought, deed, and decision.

Q: How is the biblical definition of “wisdom” different than “understanding”? How do they compliment each other?

A: The meaning conveyed by the Hebrew word for “understanding” describes a person who is most able to make the best and right spiritual choice, to discern and choose God’s ways and reject the opposite. Together they speak of the practical character of the Believer who puts into practice God’s Word and guidance rather than just live life aware of what it might or should be. Without “obedience”, there exists no wisdom and understanding according to biblical standards.

Q: So what does v.13 mean in the context of the biblical definitions of “wisdom” and “understanding”?

A: Man most often concentrates his efforts on earthly things rather than heavenly. His methods of obtaining things on earth don’t apply to obtaining the things of heaven because he doesn’t see what’s really valuable from eternity’s point of view, and cannot find it “in the land of the living”, that is, from any earthly source.

Application: Even the most valuable earthly commodities cannot purchase something that can only be obtained by obedience to God’s Word. It does not exist in any form that man can obtain by his own will and effort.

Read verses 23-28

Q: What is the only source of wisdom and understanding?

A: God.

Q: Why is it compared to things that God created in v.24-27?

A: The point is that He is the Author of wisdom and understanding and it cannot be obtained through any other means.

Q: How does v.28 fit in with the explanation given above as to the biblical definition of “wisdom” and “understanding”?

A: They are actions that result from our obedience, from putting God’s Word and guidance into practice.

Application: What matters most is fear (extreme regard for) of the Lord and willful separation from sin.

Overall Application