[NOTE: You will want to download the handout “How God Works in the World” in order to complete this study.]
Prior to reading this passage it’s necessary to understand the significance of Haman being an Agagite, a clan which belonged to the Amalekites, and therefore why Mordecai (in Esther 3:1-2) would not bow down to him. (You may want to review 1 Samuel 15 as well.)
The Amalekites were one of the Canaanite groups God devoted to complete destruction.
Saul was specifically ordered to destroy all the Amalekites (descendants of Esau) but instead saved King Agag and some of their choice livestock (1 Samuel 15:8-9)
Samuel was furious with Saul and relayed that the kingdom would be seized from Saul. (1 Samuel 15:28)
Samuel himself “hewed Agag to pieces before the Lord at Gilgal” (1 Samuel 15:33) and thus there has been bitter feelings between the Agagites and Jews for centuries.
Therefore it’s no wonder that Haman – the descendant of Agag – became so upset with Mordecai – the descendant of Jacob – for failing to bow down. (The age-old strife between the eldest and the younger.)
It’s worth mentioning that the nations of Canaan such as the Amalekites were devoted to complete destruction by God because of their complete rejection of Him in favor of false gods. In Haman and Mordecai we have the intersection of the followers of Satan vs. the followers of God.