2 Chronicles 26 • Holding Leaders Accountable


Especially in western cultures, there’s a tendency to ignore the teachings of Scripture regarding the roles, responsibilities, and scope of power of leaders and attribute to them the corresponding power and authority of a business executive. In a business environment, it’s very unlikely that one of the workers would confront the CEO to make them accountable for their moral or spiritual actions. From the outset of Israel demanding a king, it was made clear to them that one of the consequences was that not only did the people have to maintain their personal and corporate spiritual faithfulness in order to remain in a right relationship with God, but so now did their kings. God further instructed that the kings should consider themselves shepherds to the people God entrusted to them. Spiritual leadership in BOTH Testaments has a two-way component wherein each party is responsible to hold the other accountable to God’s Word and ways.

Read verses 1-5

Q: What is the significance of restoring Eloth?

A: Eloth was a port on the Red Sea originally belonging to Edom, but taken by David and maintained by Solomon. Whoever owned it became a type of “super-power” in the ancient world in being able to extend their trade and influence out to the very edges of the known world, bringing in substantial wealth. Ancient readers of this text would instantly recognize not just its association with great wealth and influence, but link it with the kind of power wielded by David and Solomon. It would be a very powerful testimony to the extraordinary strength and stature of King Uzziah by likening his accomplishments to those of David and Solomon.

Q: What was Zechariah’s greatest benefit to King Uzziah? How did this compare to his restoration of Eloth?

A: Zechariah provided great, spiritual “understanding”. Eloth represented Uzziah’s tremendous earthly power and influence matched by equally impressive spiritual blessings in Zechariah.

Q: But what were these blessings, both earthly and spiritual, dependent upon?

A: They were equally dependent on the quality of Uzziah’s personal faithfulness.

Read verses 6-15

Q: What areas are these places describing? Where was the main thrust of Uzziah’s activities?

A: To the west along the Mediterranean from Jabneh (near Joppa) down south through Philistia into the southern regions from Gur-baal (below Beer-sheba) over to the areas around the Dead Sea bordering Edom and Moab. Basically Uzziah took control of everything between Judah and Egypt as indicated by the fact that “his fame extended to the border of Egypt”.

Q: What might this represent spiritually?

A: Uzziah restrained and/or eliminated the bad spiritual influences of those around them. The taming of the literal wilderness areas represented taming their spiritual wilderness.

Q: How would you contrast the actions Uzziah took to subdue his enemies in v.6-8 vs. those actions described in v.9-10?

A: The actions against his enemies were offensive in nature, whereas his actions to fortify cities and build up food and supplies were more defensive in nature.

Point: Having removed the bad spiritual influences, the work continued to firmly establish the people both physically and spiritually.

Q: What is significant about an army that could enter “combat by divisions according to the number of their muster”?

A: First, many ancient armies were more like mobs organized at the time a king decided to go to war. Uzziah’s army would be organized, trained, and disciplined, a far more effective force than even the largest “mob” type of army.

Second, it indicates that elements of the army were regularly called up to active duty so that there was always a trained, professional force on duty and alert against any potential enemy. Again, this was much more powerful than a king hurrying to muster an army in response to a coming threat, unable to repel an invader in time.

Q: So how do we know that all these activities, preparations, and tools were a reflection of their spiritual condition?

A: “For he was marvelously helped until he was strong.” The physical accomplishments were made possible only by their spiritual commitment.

Point: There have been great and even powerful organizations built and dedicated to the Lord throughout the history of the church. We can see many examples today in mission organizations, outreach ministries, and so forth. The key factor contributing to their growth and sustaining power is often a reflection of the quality of their spiritual commitment. Size and strength don’t automatically mean they’re rightly committed, but a Christ-like organization doesn’t attain such things without pursuing and maintaining the right spiritual priorities.

Read verses 16-23

Q: So what’s wrong with Uzziah trying to “burn incense on the altar of incense”? Haven’t we seen other kings do things in the temple?

A: We’ve seen other kings offer sacrifices and participate in dedications, but never doing what God’s Word restricts to something only the high priest can do – offer incense on the altar of incense.

Q: Has anyone else tried such a thing before?

A: Numbers 16 records the incident wherein 250 leaders of Israel from various tribes rose up against Moses, insisting on elevating themselves at least to Moses’ and Aaron’s position. They were all offering incense together versus Aaron the high priest alone opposite them when God confirmed the error of their assertion by having the ground open up and swallow them in front of everyone.

Q: What is different about Uzziah’s rebellion compared with that of other kings recorded in Scripture?

A: The “normal” spiritual fall of a king has been to reject God’s Word and ways in order to embrace those of a false god/false religion. They seek to substitute the One True God with something else. Uzziah instead rejects God’s Word and ways in the pursuit of the religion of the One True God.

Point: Whether pursuing a substitute for God or pursuing the very things of God, the result of failure is the same because the root cause is the same: disobedience to God’s Word and ways.

Q: How does Uzziah’s response to Azariah’s chastisement reveal that Uzziah is definitely not a righteous man at this point?

A: A righteous man is not perfect and, when he makes a mistake, will respond with sincere repentance and actually be appreciative of being corrected. Uzziah instead responds with threats and anger.

Q: What is leprosy representative of spiritually in Scripture?

A: It’s representative of sin and its bearer underwent the same kind of physical things that represented what sin does to a person spiritually: they become unclean, cut off and isolated from God’s people, and cannot enter into God’s presence in this condition.

Point: Earlier, Uzziah’s earthly accomplishments mirrored his spiritual accomplishments. Now, likewise, his spiritual failures are mirrored in his earthly condition. Uzziah’s earthly rise matched his spiritual faithfulness, whereas his earthly demise matches his spiritual unfaithfulness.

Q: How was the role of Azariah and the other priests limited?

A: They could only confront and remove Uzziah; actual judgment and the final consequences for his sin could only be visited upon him by God alone.

Q: How does this serve as an example for confronting spiritual leaders who have gone astray?

A: They must be confronted with the truth, they must be confronted publicly, they must be removed from the body of Believers. But the true punishment and consequences will be meted out by God according to His will and ways.

You have become arrogant and have not mourned instead, so that the one who had done this deed would be removed from your midst. For I, on my part, though absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged him who has so committed this, as though I were present. In the name of our Lord Jesus, when you are assembled, and I with you in spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus, I have decided to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of his flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.

— 1 Corinthians 5:2-5

Point: Our role is limited to accountability and, if necessary, removal from the body. The rest is in God’s hands, not ours.

Overall Application