Saul and David are contrasts of a person whose spiritual walk is declining versus one on the incline.
Saul’s Life To Date
- From 1 Samuel 10:27 we know that not everyone was with Saul from the start. Both as a spiritual and political leader Saul was more divisive and fragmenting than unifying
- In 1 Samuel 13 we learn that Saul begins to lose Samuel, his closest advisor and “pastor”, if you will.
- In 1 Samuel 15 we see Saul’s personal rebellion against the Lord.
- And finally, in 1 Samuel 16, the Spirit of the Lord leaves Saul and enters David.
- The overall picture is of a person spiraling further and further downward.
David’s Life To Date
From 1 Samuel 16 we learn that not everyone KNOWS that David is anointed king and has received the Spirit of the Lord from the start. He does not immediately claim or assume the throne but allows God to control all of the timing and events that will do so.
- 1 Samuel 16:21-22 indicates that David gains favor with Saul himself as well as royal court.
- In 1 Samuel 17 we see that David gains favor with the military.
- In 1 Samuel 17:45-47 David establishes his faith before non-believers.
- In 1 Samuel 18 David gains the favor of the people.
- In 1 Samuel 18-20 David gains the favor of Saul’s family (Michal and Jonathan).
- In 1 Samuel 21 David gains the favor of the priesthood.
- Whereas Saul never fully gained the “favor” or support of everyone even in the authoritarian role of God’s appointed king over Israel, David – allowing God to work in His own time and way – gains the support and unification of everyone BEFORE actually taking the throne.
There is the example of Saul – someone doing things in his own way believing that the titles and authority God gave Him were tacit approval that anything he did was “God’s way” and “right” – and David, who never assumed that God’s appointments were the “end” of needing to rely completely on God for everything in every way.