Read verses 10-18
Q: How is this an example of God’s permissive will?
A: God granted them their request, but warned them of the cost.
Q: Why do you suppose the first warning in v.11 concerns “your sons”?
A: In this culture and society, there were very few things more important than having sons to carry on the family name, the family business, and even more importantly to inherit the land and continue the family legacy for generations to come.
Q: How is the warning extended in v.13 to “your daughters”?
A: It’s a warning of the further possible erosion of the family as the king takes whom he pleases into his service. In other words, no family structure will be secure under such a system so that the people and resources one would normally count on to help the family, particularly into old age, will not be available.
Q: What is in danger in v.14-17?
A: Their personal property which just doesn’t include their lands, but their servants and livestock as well. It’s a further erosion of their security, that the things on which they most depend could be confiscated and permanently taken away.
Point: Under current Mosaic Law without a king, property was always returned back to the original owners. But with the introduction of a king, permanent loss could be incurred that was not previously possible. By forsaking faith in God the King to take care of them, their security is being compromised both in this life and the one to come.
Q: What will be the inevitable result?
A: The yoke of the king will become so oppressive and intolerable that the people will eventually cry out to the Lord for relief. But no relief will be coming because they will have to suffer the inevitable consequences of their personal choice.
Application: As is so often taught throughout Scripture, the physical is often a reflection of the spiritual.