Joshua 4:19-5:15 • The Spiritually Prepared Generation


The very first generation to be brought out of Egypt witnessed miracles and signs no one in the history of the world before or since has seen. They were not just given the written Word of God for the first time, but provided a personal covenant with the Creator and King of the universe Himself. They were not just provided with the priesthood and all its laws and customs for serving God, but given the first house of God in which His very presence often rested. This and much more was provided to this generation, and yet they so badly failed in their service to God that they had to be destroyed and replaced by a new generation that would accomplish these things in their place—a spiritually prepared generation that would serve God from the heart.

Read 4:19-24

Q: What are the significant differences in the particulars of Israel crossing the Red Sea on dry ground versus the new generation now crossing the Jordan?

  1. The Red Sea crossing was an escape from the enemy, the Jordan crossing is an entrance to defeat the enemy.
  2. The Red Sea crossing was effected through Moses, God’s representative through whom God’s Word was yet to be given; the Jordan crossing was effected by the Ark of the Covenant, the repository of God’s Word and the seat of His glory.
  3. At the time of the Red Sea crossing the people were in fear for their own lives and desired to return to Egypt; the people at the Jordan crossing were in fear of God and ready to take the Promised Land.
  4. The Red Sea crossing was not marked by memorials as the Jordan crossing was because there was nothing to be learned from the first generation.
  5. At the Red Sea crossing the angel of God (Exodus 14:19) was behind the people to confuse and defeat the enemy; at the Jordan crossing the Captain of the Lord’s host was ahead of the people to confuse and defeat the enemy.
  6. At the Red Sea crossing the people did not believe in God and Moses until after the crossing was effected (Exodus 14:31); at the Jordan the people already believed and feared God and Joshua.

Q: What is special about “the tenth of the first month”?

A: It is the Hebrew month “Nisan”, exactly 4 days prior to Passover, the exact day that the Law requires for the Passover Lamb to be set apart.

Q: What does their crossing the Jordan on dry ground signify spiritually?

A: It is a type or symbol of baptism, death being represented by going “under” the water—or walking through the Jordan with the waters piled up—and new life signified by coming up out of the water.

Q: How do all these things work and come together to teach something of God’s character and His working?

A: Both groups at each of the crossings were provided the opportunity to fulfill God’s will and serve Him, but only the latter had the right heart, was baptized by obedience to the Word of God, and would live out the elements of the Passover actively rather than reactively. In this crossing we see the works of justification, salvation, and sanctification in their earliest Old Testament examples. It’s not so much about the crossing of the Jordan as it is the leaving behind of the old life to take hold of the new.

Q: What was the overall purpose of this event, these signs?

A: “That all the peoples of the earth may know that the hand of the Lord is mighty, so that you may fear the Lord your God forever”. In other words, to non-believers signs are to establish the power and authority of God, to believers they are to evoke reverence and worship. Both, in their own way, testify to God’s glory.

Read 5:1

Q: What was accomplished in 1 day that had not been achieved in the 470 years of Israel’s enslavement in Egypt and wandering in the wilderness?

A: The “hearts melted” in the disobedient kings and nations that for all that time had been completely unresponsive to God and had therefore been dedicated to destruction at the hands of the invading Israelites. Unfortunately, their hearts did not melt into repentance or faith in God, but rather melted in the presence of judgment.

Point: The work of God accomplishes 1 of 2 end results: It either converts non-believers or convicts them. It is possible for some to witness God’s work, even attribute it to Him, and still remain unchanged from the heart where it matters. This is the key difference between the Israelites and the Canaanites; although they both witnessed the same events, the choice of their hearts caused them to come away with opposite results.

Read 5:2-9

Q: What is meant by “circumcise again the sons of Israel a second time”? Are they really undergoing a second physical circumcision?

A: This is teaching us about the true nature and intent of circumcision. Another way of stating this might be, “Now that they have been proven to be circumcised from the heart, perform a second, physical circumcision as outward proof of their inward condition.”

So circumcise your heart, and stiffen your neck no longer.

― Deuteronomy 10:16

“Moreover the Lord your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your descendants, to love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you may live.

― Deuteronomy 30:6

Circumcise yourselves to the Lord

And remove the foreskins of your heart,

Men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem,

Or else My wrath will go forth like fire

And burn with none to quench it,

Because of the evil of your deeds.”

― Jeremiah 4:4

For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.

― Romans 2:28-29

Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but what matters is the keeping of the commandments of God.

― 1 Corinthians 7:19

For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything, but faith working through love.

― Galatians 5:6

Point: These people are that right example of the greater intent of circumcision, having been obedient and wholly devoted BEFORE undergoing the physical act itself, thus showing from this earliest date in Israel’s history God’s true intent and teaching behind circumcision.

Read 5:10-12

Q: What is significant about “unleavened cakes and parched grain” as part of the food they ate from the land?

A: These were processed foods, not raw ingredients. They would have been taken from the hands of the people or storehouses of the land. It’s a powerful but subtle way of stating that just as the manna was provided by God to this point, it was no longer needed in God’s continued provision in the Promised Land. In other words, God was not “discontinuing” His provision, He was changing the manner it which it was provided.

Read 5:13-15

Q: As pointed out previously, “the angel of God” fought against the Egyptians at the time of the first crossing and now there appears the “captain of the host of the Lord”. Are these different beings?

A: No, they are the One and same pre-incarnate Christ.

Q: How do we know for sure that this is not just another angel?

A: Throughout Scripture, whenever men mistakenly begin to worship angels, they are immediately told to stop so doing; Joshua here is not dissuaded, thus revealing that he is in the presence of a member of the Godhead.

Q: What is the meaning of His answer to Joshua’s question? Which side is He on?

A: He is on GOD’S side, the side of whoever is prepared to serve God from the heart. He does not automatically side with someone because of their birth or the rituals they adhere to, even if both were originally established by God. It’s a message that calls for continued obedience to God now and forever, that the only guarantee of having God on your side is to be obedient to Him.

Q: So why does pre-incarnate Christ change in appearance from a pillar of clouds/pillar of fire to One with a sword drawn and waiting on the other side of the Jordan?

A: He assumes the necessary tools and roles needed to appropriately lead in each situation. In the wilderness they needed a guide or light to illuminate their path, in the Promised Land they need a conqueror to clear their path. Christ’s role is similar in both situations in that He is always ready to lead His people in God’s work both internally (the heart) and externally (God’s kingdom).

Overall Application