Read verses 1-2
Q: What is different about where God and Moses are talking now versus when the Ten Commandments were given? What might it reveal about the difference behind the two messages?
A: God called Moses to the top of His Mount in lightning and thick clouds to issue the Law. Here God has called Moses out of the Tabernacle at the foot of the Mount to give them the laws regulating their worship. It’s a teaching about the application of the Law in real, everyday life, an assurance of knowing how to please God. It shows that what was given in God’s glory on the top of the Mount is achievable in real life in the valley below.
Q: Obviously we can deduce by the fact that “Levi” is the tribe of the priests, and is also the first four letters of “Leviticus”, that this book must have special meaning for the priesthood. But how do we know that this is actually a book for the people?
A: God tells Moses, “Speak to the sons of Israel”. God does not designate this as information for the priesthood alone but makes everyone in Israel personally responsible.
Q: What kind of offerings are these?
A: These are burnt offerings.
Point: There are 4 general classes of offerings: (1) burnt offerings, (2) meat offerings, (3) peace offerings, and (4) the sin offering that meet various needs from personal all the way to the whole nation.
Q: What are some of the ways that this offering is different from other kinds of offerings?
A: Some offerings are required to be undertaken exclusively by the priesthood on behalf of the nation, others are required as part of personal reconciliation to God. These are strictly and personally voluntary.
Point: God’s requirements begin with a willing and voluntary heart that SEEKS Him.
Q: To what might we equate “animals from the heard or the flock” in today’s world?
A: Personal possessions.
Point: The most common notion regarding animal sacrifices in a general, religious context is that something is being offered up to appease a god or to meet that god’s demands. Since the purpose of biblical offerings to the One True God are meant to reconcile man to God and therefore engender a personal, meaningful, and loving relationship, they have to proceed from free will. They’re not about appeasement but relationship.
Q: Why do you suppose that the offering was limited to “animals from the herd or flock”? Why couldn’t it be any animal?
A: Only “clean” animals as designated by God’s Law could be offered, and of the clean deemed acceptable for sacrifice it was narrowed down to those that most represented the Messiah.