Hosea’s extensive treatment of the apostate—those who at one time were in a right relationship with God, or at least at one time knew what it takes to be in a right relationship with God, is summarized in these closing chapters, not only showing the steps taken to get into such a mess, but what it takes to recover. The very same things which the Northern Kingdom of Israel engaged in are mirrored in the many false activities taking place in the Church today. The underlying causes are not just the same, but so is any hope of recovery. But the real issue is not simply “if” someone will recognize their error, but “when”. This is because when judgment for such behavior finally comes, the acknowledgment of what is taking place at that point is too late; those in such a spiritual state need to turn back before they reach the brink where there is no time or room to turn around.