Read verses 5-6
Q: What kind of a test has God’s Word undergone as alluded to in v.5?
A: It’s the same kind of test that precious metals undergo to establish their purity, such as silver and gold. It means that the whole of God’s Word is absolutely pure and therefore reflecting the only right way for us to follow Him in this impure world.
The words of the Lord are pure words;
As silver tried in a furnace on the earth, refined seven times.
— Psalm 12:6
Q: According to v.5, what makes God’s Word effective?
A: It is enforced by God Himself on behalf of those that will embrace Him alone, forsaking all others gods.
Q: How do the thoughts in v.6 of not adding to God’s Word connect to the observation in v.5 that God’s Word is pure and found to be perfect without any defect?
A: Being pure and tested and therefore found to be wholly true and complete, they need no additional embellishment. In fact, to do so will invite God’s reproof to bring one back to His original Word, shedding what was added by man. [Note: Quite a contradiction to what the Pharisees and Scribes were doing by Jesus’ time.]
Point: Agur opens by acknowledging that God alone is the Source of all wisdom and knowledge, with man incapable of understanding even the few things he can see God doing in life and nature. He now explains that this is OK, because God has provided His pure and unblemished Word to provide everything man needs to know. The search for God’s wisdom does not have to go any further than the breadth of His given Word. This is why nothing “new” is given through Agur, only the reinforcement that we’ve already been given everything we need in the Bible provided to us.
Application: Do you ever seek knowledge beyond what is already given in God’s Word? How is this, in itself, a test of faith? How strongly do you believe that God has provided everything you need to know in the finite pages of the Bible?