Read verses Genesis 4:3-5a
Q: Why was Abel’s sacrifice more acceptable than Cain’s?
A: Abel’s sacrifice was of “the firstlings (firstborn) of his flock and of their fat portions.” Again, this required the shedding of blood. Both these verses imply that the only sufficient sacrifice for man’s sin involves the shedding of innocent blood.
Now have various members of the group look up and read the following verses in regard to the person and work of Jesus Christ.
- Matthew 1:20-21
- John 1:29; 19:34
- Romans 5:9
- Hebrews 9:13-14 (or, time permitting, the entire chapter)
Q: How is the Passover lamb in Exodus 12 representative of the person of Jesus Christ?
A: He was a young, firstborn male without blemish (Hebrews 9:14; 4:15)
Q: How is the sacrifice of the Passover lamb in Exodus 12 representative of the work of Jesus Christ?
A: He willingly offered Himself as a sacrifice, His innocent blood was shed, His blood was shed on a wooden cross (symbolized by the doorposts and crossbar), and those who are “covered” by His blood are protected from God’s judgment. It marks the beginning of their deliverance from the bondage of sin.
Application: Exodus 12:28-30 records that the Hebrews believed the word of Moses and were protected from the angel of death by the blood of the lamb. How can you become protected from God’s judgment by Christ’s blood today? Read and consider:
But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction; for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus.
— Romans 3:21-26